Necropolis of the Donskoy monastery is one of the oldest preserved in Moscow. Most cemeteries had been issued for the territory of Moscow, and those that remain are not as old. I must say that it is strange, but ancient cemeteries do not cause such sad feelings, as modern. Anyway I have.
When you look at the old headstones, perceive them as part of the story, exciting, tragic, heroic, but has long since passed.
History of … Necropolis of the Donskoy monastery is unique. There is another one in Moscow-Novodevichy monastery Necropolis. And there on the gravestones can be studied Russian history for almost 300 years. If you are not afraid of cemeteries and ancient headstones not catch up on you longing, then you should definitely visit them.
Today I decided to post a few pictures from the photo walk on the Necropolis of the Donskoy monastery. But before the show photos, a little history of this monument of history and architects.
Don stavropegial monastery has a very rich history. To begin with, from the name of the monastery was already understood its significance.
Firstly, the monastery was founded by the son of Tsar Ivan the terrible, Feodor that piety and, as then spoke, gentleness. History of the Donskoy monastery began in the year 1591 with the construction of a church in honour of our Lady of the Don-that is, in honor of the icon of the same name, which was revered in Russia. It was thought that this place was church camp, which placed, removed from the Kremlin icon during the fighting with the Crimean Tatars. And the icon itself, according to legend, was accompanied by Dmitry Donskoy during the battle of Kulikovo. As you can see, the monastery is dedicated to multiple events.
Secondly, stavropegial in the title indicates that this monastery was directly subordinate to the Patriarch. It just says about the significance of the monastery.
History of the Donskoy monastery is rich in events. During the time of troubles, the monastery was ravaged by the poles and long time hands did not reach him until he drew the attention of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich. He and his son Alexei Mikhailovich monastery owes its revival. Both King were bogomol′nymi and reverently to monasteries and churches. Kings and members of the Royal family actively participated in the development of the monastery and the construction industry. For example, Princess Catherine Alekseevna, the monastery was restored. Simultaneously with the reconstruction of churches and buildings in its territory was built wall with towers.
In the history of the monastery were and tragic events. In 1771, during the plague riot was killed Archbishop Ambrosius, whom the crowd accused that he removed the icon from Barbaric gate to which venerated patients in the hope of cure.
In the year 1812, the monastery was plundered by the French. After the war, 12 years on the restoration of the monastery have sacrificed not only know, but also ordinary people.
In the year 1918, the monastery was closed, and since 1934, he became a Museum of architecture. This monastery has preserved from destruction.
In the year 1991 the monastery was transferred to the Moscow patriarchy and how many times in its history, it was revived as a centre of monastic life.
Oh, by the way, on the territory of the monastery were transferred high reliefs decorating the Temple of Christ the Savior (photo of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour). Original bas-reliefs were made of marble.
It is very briefly about the history of the monastery.
Walk on the Don necropolis
Necropolis of the Donskoy monastery is one of the oldest preserved in Moscow. On the territory of the Donskoy monastery since its foundation buried distinguished and famous people. Some of the graves of more than 400 years. It was not my purpose to emphasize any special nadgrob′âh. Not this time. Aim was to convey a general view of the necropolis, to stay not on the rich history and the aesthetic perception of the place.
History of the same necropolis rich-here you will see on the nadgrob′âh the names of those who created the history of Russia for centuries-Goliciny, Dolgorukiy, Trubetskoy family. Here are buried the scholars, poets, artists, architects and writers-chaadayev, Sumarokov, Odoevsky, Beauvais, Klûčesvskij and Zhukovsky. History of nadgrob′âh-so I call this necropolis.
Here's remains were transferred, Rollin and Shmelev. Here was buried by Alexander Solzhenicin. The next trip I will make pictures of graves of historical figures and briefly talk about what they were famous, and now present to you photos of the Donskoy monastery and its Necropolis (old necropolis of the Donskoy Monastery).